Global News of Significance

EU creates Digital Twin of the Earth

Global News of Significance

EU creates Digital Twin of the Earth

Digital transformation, a cultural, organizational, and operational change through the smart integration of digital technologies and processes, is having a profound effect on organizations, ecosystems, and individuals.

Digital Transformation for Climate-neutral Europe by 2050

To benefit from this transformational change the European Commission is working on a digital strategy. The international organization comprising 27 European countries aims to make this transformation work for its people and businesses and also achieve its target of a climate-neutral Europe by 2050. For this, the E.U. has also strengthened its digital sovereignty and set standards– with a clear focus on data, technology, and infrastructure.

Destination Earth

European Commission, EU’s politically independent executive arm, has recently announced a major initiative named Destination Earth (DestinE). The aim is to develop – on a global scale – a highly accurate digital model of the Earth to monitor and predict the interaction between natural phenomena and human activities.

Digital Twin of the Earth

The Digital Twin is a virtual model designed to accurately reflect a physical object. The digital replicas of the highly complex Earth systems will be based on a seamless fusion of real-time observations and high-resolution predictive modeling in the thematic areas, starting from extreme events and climate change adaptation.

DestinE will use digital modeling of the Earth systems to study the effects of climate change and extreme weather events, their socio-economic impact, and possible adaptation and mitigation strategies. In the long-term additional digital twins will also be integrated– for example on oceans or biodiversity etc- for a comprehensive digital twin of the Earth.

Empowered by Europe’s high-performance computing (HPC) computers and AI capacity, it will help to respond to major natural disasters, adapt to climate change, and predict the socioeconomic impact.

Users of DestinE, including non-scientific experts, will be able to access and interact with vast amounts of Earth system and socio-economic data in order to perform highly accurate, interactive, and dynamic simulations of the Earth system, and improve prediction capabilities. For this, the initiative will exploit the potential of distributed and high-performance computing (HPC) and data handling at an extreme scale.

Implementing Entities

Apart from the digital twin, the other components DestinE system will be a Core Service Platform, a user-friendly entry point for DestinE users, and the Data Lake, a consolidation of pre-existing European data holdings from the three Destination Earth implementing entities (ESA, EUMETSAT and ECMWF) and other sources, like the Internet of Things (IoT) and socio-economic data. The digital twins of DestinE will provide users with tailored access to high-quality knowledge for user-specific scenario development for decision support.

The Digital Twins will be developed by the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) and jointly implemented by three entrusted entities: the European Space Agency (ESA), the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), and the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT) over the next 7-10 years.

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